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Home > About Sri Lanka

About Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka ,an island in Asia surrounded by Indian Ocean, located north of equator,is known as the Paradise by ancient sea farers. This tiny island encompasses long wide beautiful tropical beaches, Wild Elephants, Over 490 species of Birds, green vegetation, breathtaking views, ancient art & architecture and a thousand delights of Sri Lankan culture of the always smiling Sri Lankans.

Sri Lanka is probably the best place in the world for a discerning traveler looking for unique experiences of ecology, culture, beach as well as entertainment. Like Marco Polo the grate traveler of all times amused, you will make a journey of a life time traveling in Sri Lanka, among the smiling people in a tiny island but with a great History, ecology and Bio Diversity.

Location

Location

Sri Lanka is a teardrop-shaped island in the Indian Ocean just below the Southern tip of India, and lying North of the equator. (Latitude 5° 55. to 9° 50. north, longitude 79° 42. to 81° 52., 650km north of the equator)

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Geography and Climate

Geography And Climate

The island consists mostly of flat-to-rolling coastal plains, with mountains rising only in the south-central part. Amongst these is the highest point Pidurutalagala, reaching 2,524 meters (8,281 ft) above sea level.

The climate of Sri Lanka can be described as tropical and warm. There are no seasonal variations .The bi-annual monsoon rains provide the only seasons a northeast monsoon (December to January) bringing unsettled weather to the north and east, and a southwest monsoon (May to October) bringing bad weather to the south and west Colombo and the South West experience rain from April to May and September to October.

The East coast gets its share of rainfall from November to January. Being closer to the equator, the temperature is high throughout the year. The average temperature in Colombo is 27 degrees centigrade (80 degrees Fahrenheit). This is accompanied by high levels of humidity. However, in the different parts of the island, the temperature and the climate vary according to the terrain. The higher you go, the cooler it gets. In the mountainous regions of Nuwara Eliya, the temperature averages 16 degrees centigrade (61 degrees Fahrenheit).

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History

History of sri lanka

The chronicled history of Sri Lanka dates back to over 2,500 years. It had established trade and cultural links with many ancient civilizations. Throughout history, it has been known by different names. To the Greeks it was Taprobane, to the Arabs it was Serendib, to the Portuguese it was Ceilao, to the Dutch it was Zeylan, and to the British it was Ceylon. Sri Lanka was the ancient name meaning "The Resplendent Island".

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People

Sri Lankan People

Sri Lankans are extremely friendly, and hospitality plays a major role in their lifestyle. Religion and social protocol are deeply embedded in the culture and Sri Lanka with its great ethnic diversity

The population number approximately 20 million. This multi-ethnic population comprises: Sinhalese - 74%, Tamils - 18%, Muslims - 7%, Burghers (descendants of Dutch and Portuguese) - 1%

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Religions

Gangarama Temple

Buddhism is the belief system of the main race: Sinhalese and is followed by 70% of the population. It plays a significant role in the country, spiritually, culturally & politically and also Sri Lanka’s literature, art & architecture are also strongly influenced by the Buddhism. Other main religions Hinduism (15%), Christianity (8%) and Islamic (7%) are practiced by the rest of the population.

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Languages

Sinhala Letters

Sinhala and Tamil are the official languages; But English is widely spoken and understood in the main city and tourists areas though not by many in rural parts

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Flora and Fauna

Flora And Fauna

Despite its relatively small size, Sri Lanka possesses a high level of biodiversity. A noteworthy feature of Sri Lanka's biodiversity is the remarkable high proportion of endemic species among its flora and fauna (23% of the flowering plants and 16% of the mammals in the island are endemic). Sri Lanka has a wide range of topographic and climatic variation and this contributes to the special features of its biodiversity (Sri Lanka has been identified by the environment activist group Conservation International (CI) as one of 25 biodiversity hot spots in the world.) Back To Top

Sri Lanka at a Glance

ColomboOfficial Name:  Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Location: Latitude 5° 55. to 9° 50. North, Longitude 79° 42. to 81° 52., 880km north of the equator

Administrative Capital: Sri Jayewardenepura

Commercial Capital: Colombo

Dimensions: 430km North to South, 225km East to West

Area: 65,525km

Terrain: Mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior

National Parks and Nature Reserves Area: 8,000sq.km

Coastline: 1,340km

Bambarakanda FallsHighest Mountain: Pidurutalagala, 2,524m

Highest Waterfall: Bambarakanda, 263m

Government Type: Republic

Currency: Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)

National Flower: The Blue Water Lily (Nymphaea stellata).

Population: 21,128,773

Population Growth Rate: 1.3%

Population Density: 309 people per sq km

Life Expectancy at Birth : 74 female, 64 male

Literacy Rate: Female 87.9 Male 92.5

tea plantationTime Zone: 5,1/2 hours ahead of GMT. (Northern Summer Time=GMT+4:30)

International Dialing: +94

Electricity: 230- 240 volts, 50 cycles AC

Labour Force: 8.1million (34.3% in agriculture, 25.3% in industry and 40.4% in services

The unemployment rate: 5.7% (2007 est.)

Per capita GDP: $2 400

Industries: Processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities, telecommunications, insurance, banking, clothing, textiles, cement, petroleum refining.

Exports: Textiles & apparel, tea, spices, gems & jewelry, coconut products, rubber manufactures, fish

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): Purchasing power parity: $81.29 billion (2007 est.). Official exchange rate: $30.01 billion (2007 est.) Real growth rate: 6.3% (2007 est.)

Gross National Product (GNP):  Sri Lanka is placed in 76th place in GNP figures of the world’s nations with $22.8 billion (2005)

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