Ceylon Discovery Tours
About Sri Lanka About Sri Lanka
Reason To Visit Why Sri Lanka
Thins To See Things to See
Thins To Do Things to Do
Don't Miss Don't Miss
Destinations Destinations
Places To Stay Accommodation Guide
Sri Lanka Travel Guide Sri Lanka Travel Guide
Events Calnedar Event Calendar
Intaractive Map Intaractive Map
IQ Option www.iqoption.tw 在台湾
Home > Discovery Top Attractions > Sinharaja Rain Forest

Sinharaja Rain Forest

Arugam BayDamp, mysterious and teeming with life, the Sinharaja , situated 120km south-east of Colombo, is the last extensive stretch of virgin rainforest on the island. At just over 11,000 hectares, lying across the wet zone at the southern edge of the hill country, Sinharaja is an ecological treasure trove. Its staggering array of flora and fauna place it among the top biodiversity hotspots in the world.

Over 130 bird species are found here including 26 of 33 species endemic to Sri Lanka. There is also a rich reptile population and myriads of insect species, many yet to be classified. Mammals seen here include the purple faced langur monkey and the giant squirrel. Sinharaja is also home to the elusive leopard.

It is preferable to explore Sinharaja on foot, which makes for a truly authentic jungle experience. There are four access points to the reserve: at Morningside on the eastern edge, Pitadeniya to the south, Kosmulla to the southwest and the main entrance at Kudawa on the northwest side.

Sinharaja Forest Reserve is situated in the south-west lowland wet zone of Sri Lanka. Most of the area was originally declared a forest reserve on 1875 under the Waste Lands Ordinance and notified in the Ceylon Government, whereas the rest was notified a proposed forest reserve in the early 20th century. Sinharaja Forest Reserve, comprising the existing and proposed forest reserves, was declared a biosphere reserve in 1978.

Photo Gallery

  • 01.
  • 02.
  • 03.
  • 04.
  • 05.
  • 06.
  • 06.
  • 06.
  • 06.
  • 06.
  • 06.
  • 06.
  • 06.
  • 06.

This narrow strip of undulating terrain consists of a series of ridges and valleys. Two main types of forest can be recognized: remnants of Dipterocarpus forest occur in valleys and on their lower slopes; secondary forest and scrub occur where the original forest cover has been removed by shifting cultivation and in other places the forest has been replaced by rubber and tea plantations.

Mesua-Doona forest is the climax vegetation in most of the reserve. Of Sri Lanka's 830 endemic species, 217 trees and woody climbers are found in the lowland wet zone. Other rare endemics are the palm, the latter being restricted to Sinhagala. A variety of plants of known benefit to man are present, of which palm (for jaggery, a sugar substitute), wewal, cardamom, dun (for varnish and incense) and weniwal (for medicinal purposes) are used intensively by villagers.

Endemism is high, particularly for birds, mammals and butterflies. Threatened mammals are leopard and Asian elephant. Birds considered to be endangered or rare are Sri Lanka wood pigeon, green-billed coucal, Sri Lanka white-headed starling, Sri Lanka blue magpie, ashy-headed babbler and red-faced malkoha. Of interest is the presence of the Sri Lanka broad-billed roller. Reptiles and amphibian include the python, which is vulnerable, and a number of endemic species. Noteworthy species include the rarest of all agamids on the island, the rough-nose horned lizard and a rare endemic microhylid. Threatened freshwater fish are combtail, smooth-breasted snakehead, black ruby barb, cherry barb and red-tail goby. Sri Lankan five-bar sword, which is considered to be very rare, is not uncommon in Sinharaja at certain times of the year.

The Sinharaja region has long featured in the legends and lore of the people of Sri Lanka. Its name, literally meaning lion (sinha ) king (raja ), perhaps refers to the original 'king-sized or royal forest of the Sinhalese', a people of the legendary 'lion-race' of Sri Lanka, or to the home of a legendary lion of Sri Lanka.  

Back To Top
Discovery Package Tours Discovery Excursions Discovery Services Discovery Transport